Numerical simulations are used with growing popularity in diverse sectors of engineering. The most important applications are those which attempt to replace expensive experiments on real structures that involve material mechanical behavior beyond their elastic limit. Such circumstance makes strong requirement for formulating material constitutive models with appropriate numerical implementation and for defining protocols for their calibration. Both problems are rather challenging when dealing with advanced materials.
In order to describe mechanical behavior of materials through an appropriate constitute model experiments are needed, but the transition from measurable quantities to sought parameters cannot always be directly established. Additional difficulty is encountered when dealing with complex constitutive models which tend to capture most of the physical processes taking place during material deforming, resulting in constitutive models with elevated number of parameters. Calibration of such models on the basis of too simple experiments, risks to identify particular solutions only, managing to fit a single experiment, thus not to be treated as material representative properties. A systematic way of resolving these difficulty is through the application of inverse analysis, centered on the minimization of a discrepancy function designed to quantify the difference between measured quantities and their counter parts, computed as a function of sought material parameters. This approach is!
more and more frequently adopted despite common mathematical difficulties, such as ill-posedness, non-uniqueness of the solution and non-convex function minimization.
Within this lecture some recent research contributions achieved by our team to the methodology of inverse analysis apt for calibration of complex constitutive models will be given. Results are presented with reference to real life engineering problems, related to diverse industrial environments. The first group of problems considers diagnostic analysis of structures based on instrumented indentation test. Results concern the development of reduced basis model for the acceleration of non-linear elasto-plastic simulations. The second group of problems concerns compaction of ceramic powders and the development of phenomenological constitutive models together with protocols for their calibration. The last group of problems, discussed within the lecture, is related to applications of porous ceramics for diesel particulate filters and catalytic substrates. Some innovative modeling techniques regarding thermally induced cracking and crack healing, observed in these materials will b!e shown.