Organizers: Stefano Biagi, Filippo Dell’Oro, Filippo Giuliani.

**Edoardo Bocchi**, Politecnico di Milano,

*Asymmetric equilibrium configurations of a body immersed in a 2D laminar flow*, Thursday, May 18, 2023, time 15:15, Aula Seminari III piano

**Abstract:****Abstract:**
We will study the equilibrium configurations of a fluid-structure interaction problem where a body is immersed in a fluid confined in a bounded planar channel and governed by the stationary Navier-Stokes equations with laminar inflow and outflow. The body is subject to both the lift force from the fluid and to some external elastic force. Motivated by an application to suspension bridges, asymmetry is taken into account. This requires the introduction of suitable assumptions to prevent collisions of the body with the boundary. We will present an existence and uniqueness result for sufficiently small inflow/outflow. This talk is based on a recent joint work with F. Gazzola.
**Paolo Luzzini**, Università degli Studi di Padova,

*Shape sensitivity and optimization of Grushin eigenvalues*, Thursday, May 11, 2023, time 15:15, Aula Seminari III piano

**Abstract:****Abstract:**
It is well known that among all domains of a fixed volume, the ball minimizes the first eigenvalue of the Dirichlet Laplacian. The counterpart of this result for the degenerate operator known as the Grushin Laplacian is instead an open problem.
In this talk I will present some results in the direction of understanding such a problem. I will first consider the shape sensitivity of Grushin eigenvalues on general domains with the aim of characterizing critical domains under isovolumetric perturbations.
Next I will pass to the simplified case of cartesian product domains, showing that in this class the first eigenvalue admits a unique minimizer and providing some estimates on the minimum. Finally I will discuss some numerical experiments and some open problems.
The talk is based on joint works with Pier Domenico Lamberti (Università degli Studi di Padova), Paolo Musolino (Università Ca' Foscari Venezia) Luigi Provenzano (Sapienza Università di Roma), and Joachim Stubbe (EPFL).
**Fabio Cavalletti**, SISSA,

*Optimal transport between algebraic hypersurfaces*, Wednesday, May 03, 2023, time 15:00, Aula Seminari III piano

**Abstract:****Abstract:**
What is the optimal way to deform a projective hypersurface into another one?
We will answer this question adopting the point of view of measure theory, introducing the optimal transport problem between complex algebraic projective hypersurfaces.
First, a natural topological embedding of the space of hypersurfaces of a given degree into the space of measures on the projective space is constructed.
Then, the optimal transport problem between hypersurfaces is defined through a constrained dynamical formulation, minimizing the energy of absolutely continuous curves which lie on the image of this embedding. In this way an inner Wasserstein distance on the projective space of homogeneous polynomials is introduced.
We will show the main properties of this distance and discuss applications on the regularity of the zeroes of a family of multivariate polynomials and on the condition number of polynomial systems solving.
**Giovanni Siclari**, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca,

*Unique continuation for the fractional heat operator*, Thursday, April 13, 2023, time 15:15, Aula Seminari III piano

**Abstract:****Abstract:**
We study unique continuation properties and the asymptotic behaviour for a class of equations
involving the fractional heat operator with an Hardy-type potential. Our methods are based on
a Almgren-Poon monotonicity formula combined with a blow-up argument. Since the operator
has a global nature we will also need suitable extension results in the spirit of Caffarelli-Silvestre extension.
Key words: Parabolic partial differential equations, unique continuation, blow-up, asymptotics,
monotonicity formula, Hardy potential.
**Francesco Esposito**, Università della Calabria,

*A classification result for a Gross-Pitaevskii type system*, Thursday, April 13, 2023, time 16:15, Aula seminari III piano

**Abstract:****Abstract:**
This talk will be focused on the study of a family of semilinear elliptic systems defined in $ R^n $, which is doubly critical since it involves Sobolev critical exponents and Hardy-type potentials. We aim to provide qualitative properties of positive solutions for these Gross-Pitaevskii type systems. In particular, we shall deduce that solutions are symmetric about the origin. In order to do it, we apply a suitable version of the moving planes technique for cooperative singular systems. Finally, we are able to provide a classification result for these kind of problems.
This is based on a joint work with Rafael López-Soriano (University of Granada, Spain) and Berardino Sciunzi (University of Calabria, Italy).
**Gianmarco Sperone**, Politecnico di Milano,

*Steady-state Navier-Stokes flow in an obstructed pipe under mixed boundary conditions and with a prescribed transversal flux rate*, Thursday, March 30, 2023, time 15:15, Aula seminari III piano

**Abstract:****Abstract:**
The steady motion of a viscous incompressible fluid in an obstructed finite pipe is modeled through the Navier-Stokes equations with mixed boundary conditions involving the Bernoulli pressure and the tangential velocity on the inlet and outlet of the tube, while a transversal flux rate F is prescribed along the pipe. Existence of a weak solution to such Navier-Stokes system is proved without any restriction on the data by means of the Leray-Schauder Principle, in which the required a priori estimate is obtained by a contradiction argument based on Bernoulli’s law. Through variational techniques and with the use of an exact flux carrier, an explicit upper bound on F (in terms of the viscosity, diameter and length of the tube) ensuring the uniqueness of such weak solution is given. This upper bound is shown to converge to zero at a given rate as the length of the pipe goes to infinity. In an axially symmetric framework, we also prove the existence of a weak solution displaying rotational symmetry.