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CodiceQDD 157
TitoloCOMBINATION VERSUS SEQUENTIAL MONOTHERAPY IN CHRONIC HBV INFECTION: A MATHEMATICAL APPROACH
Data2013-05-31
Autore/iBERTACCHI, D.; ZUCCA, F.; FORESTI, S.; MANGIONI, D.; GORI, A.
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AbstractSequential monotherapy is the most widely used therapeutic approach in the treatment of HBV chronic infection. Unfortunately, under therapy, in some patients the hepatitis virus mutates and gives rise to variants which are drug resistant. We conjecture that combination therapy is able to delay drug resistance for a longer time than sequential monotherapy. To study the action of these two therapeutic approaches in the event of unknown mutations and to explain the emergence of drug resistance, we propose a stochastic model for the infection within a patient which is treated with two drugs, either sequentially or contemporaneously, and develops a two-step mutation which is resistant to both drugs. We study the deterministic approximation of our stochastic model and give a biological interpretation of its asymptotic behaviour. We compare the time when this new strain fi rst reaches detectability in the serum viral load. Our results show that the best choice is to start an early combination therapy, which allows to stay drug-resistance free for a longer time.

Dipartimento di Matematica